The spring blossoms town of Qingdao (hereinafter referred to as the Green peach ) is located in Licha Town, Jiaozhou, outside the western suburb of Qingdao City, Shandong Province. With the continuous development of China’s urbanization, Qingdao has also shifted from extensional incremental expansion of “land and economy-oriented” to the connotative inventory update new trend of “people and ecology-oriented”. Facing the increasing aging of Shandong to 22.3% (ranking first in the country), Shandong has entered a “moderately aging society”, and Jiaozhou will become a key area for the expansion and development of Qingdao in the future.
Based on the new demand of urban development in the new era, design companies ZSD and ZWA adopt an integrated design model, from early overall planning to architecture, landscape and indoor landing, Integrate the integration into the past and contemporary interpretation of the local idyll pastoral and King Yao mountain’s landscape.They also combed it from five dimensions: space, nature, culture, industry and residence, in order to solve the existing “urban and rural problems”,to improve the “ecological space”, to fill the social “aging demand”, and promote local “economic upgrading” and other multiple goals. Qingdao spring blossomsTown, which is characterized by idyllic wellness and the four-in-one model of tourism,living, production and cultivation, located in the landscape and pastoral idyllic town.
“ 牧马城下的世外桃源 ”
A paradise under the shepherd city
复合式项目对复合型团队要求The requirements of compound projects for compound teams
青岛桃李春风小镇，整体规划范围约5500亩, 一个水库、一座山丘、三个村庄和广袤无垠的原野是项目场地的核心资源要素。The overall planning area of Qingdao spring blossoms Town is about 5500 acre. A reservoir, a hill, three villages and vast fields are the core resource elements of the project site.
设计遵循“因应自然，顺势而为”的总体原则，根据现状用地条件进行设计用地整合，对不同片区用地形成针对性的功能适配。The design follows the general principle of “responding to nature, following the trend“, integrating the design land according to the current land use conditions, and forming targeted functional adaptations for different areas of land use.
Protecting the central reservoir, ecological catchment and mountain woodland, and combining the current base situation, slope and aspect to form a land selection method that best matches the nature.
The plan takes the mountains, rivers, fields and forests as the natural base, takes King Yao mountain, the reservoir and the river confluence into the reservoir as the starting point, and connects the ecological picture of the town with “one core, five centers, two axes and four groups”. To build the center of the central town and five neighborhood centers under the extension of the ecological axis, and forming a supporting service axis and an ecological LOHAS axis, so as to form four district groups with different functions and positioning for the town structure.
小镇不止是一个空间结构，还是一个具有诸多层次的社会结构，其完整性与联系性的丧失往往会产生出更加严重的社会问题。The town is not only a spatial structure, but also a social structure with many levels, and the loss of its integrity and connection will often lead to more serious social problems.
规划设计试图提供一个更具有内聚和连续性的小镇肌理；小镇中心区块、内提供可以整合与渗透康养资源（如健康管理、颐乐学院）的颐养服务极核，以辐射各主题片区形成四大版块颐养配套集群，多点散布小型服务设施的三级公共空间布局，赋予这些生活中心相互独立而又联结，充满着生活的温度。Planning and design try to provide a more cohesive and continuous texture of the town. The central block of the town provides a polar core of health care services that can integrate and infiltrate health care resources (such as health management and the pension college), so as to radiate each theme area to form four sections of supporting clusters, multi-point distribution of three-level public space layout of small service facilities, giving these life centers independent and connected, full of life temperature.
小镇的公共开放空间也必须同时具有自然生态和城市景观功能，除了继续维育已有的重要生态元素以外，设计尤其重视对流转土地的开发利用，建设多样化的景观形式来重新构建公共道路与广场空间，使之具有实现多样化生态、 景观和经济过程的可能。The public open space of the town must also have the functions of natural ecology and urban landscape at the same time. In addition to continuing to maintain the existing important ecological elements, the design pays special attention to the development and utilization of the transferred land. Building a variety of landscape forms to rebuild the public road and square space, so as to make it possible to realize diversified ecological, landscape and economic processes.
目前青桃西岸滨水的100亩花海工程已于19年8月正式开放，成为小镇最新的打卡胜地，并初步形成了带动周边产业发展的“触媒效应”。 At present, the 100-acre flower fields project on the west coast of the Green peach was officially opened in August 19, becoming the newest punching resort in the town, and a “catalyst effect” that has driven the development of surrounding industries has been initially formed.
首期的农业产业示范:“邻里农田 + 全龄景观”，围绕建筑群外部的田园中打造出自给自足的邻里农场，每户住家可私有“一分田”，去享受自家瓜果的收获，也可以共享邻里餐厅、青桃农场、乐龄大草坪、生态栈道等公共资源，让美好共享共用。The first agricultural industry demonstration: , creating a self-sufficient neighborhood farm around the garden outside the building complex,each household can be privately owned “a field” to enjoy their own harvest of melons and fruits, they can also share neighborhood restaurants, Green peach farms, Leling lawn, ecological plank roads and other public resources, to let the good things be shared.
青岛胶州市从西周开始，就已创造出具有滨海特点的大汶口、龙山的地域文化特色。里岔镇在秦汉时代，也曾是汉代祓（古字音意通“福”）国都城，以及明代的牧马城。Since the Western Zhou Dynasty, Jiaozhou City in Qingdao has created the regional cultural characteristics of Dawenkou and Dragon mountain with coastal characteristics. During the Qin and Han dynasties, Licha Town was also the capital city of the Han Dynasty (the ancient word “Fu”), as well as the horse-breeding city of Ming Dynasty.
在4000年漫长历史发展过程中，里岔演变出以农家乐形式的农耕旅游（其中占据胶州整个旅游业总收入 70%的为中小型农家乐）。In the long history of 4000 years of development, Licha has evolved farming tourism in the form of farmhouses (of which 70% of Jiaozhou’s total tourism revenue is small and medium-sized farmhouses).
在前期小镇策划中，便有意识地将青桃置于全球性关于知识、旅游业和文化方面的新经济浪潮中，去吸纳融合来着传统文化、现代文化、自然文化三方面的资源与内涵。In the early stage of town planning, Green peach was consciously placed in the global wave of new economy on knowledge, tourism and culture to absorb the resources and connotations of traditional culture, modern culture and natural culture.
基于已有的传统文化层面，设计对一些典型性的文化场所进行了空间整合和精细化管理，并挖掘出传统农耕文化中更深层面的思想核心：四季耕作、顺天养生、顺时饮食，自然顺生的生存方式和其乐自得的生活态度。Based on the existing traditional culture level, the design carries out spatial integration and fine management for some typical cultural places, and excavates the deeper ideological core of the traditional farming culture: farming in the four seasons, keeping good health, eating at the right time, the natural and comfortable life attitude.
At the same time, the existing farmhouse entertainment presents a single function, the supporting facilities are relatively backward, and people rarely have status feedback on their long-term travel plans; this phenomenon is also reflected in the existing health care market that relies on government planning and medical institutions. The quality of health care institutions is uneven, with the overall low-end and the single content. The modern consumer-led market presents a focused demand for the quality and abundance of health care facilities.
The value of farming has been re-examined as experiential (aesthetics) as the core connotation of agricultural tourism in a small town. While respecting and promoting the local localization, “the aesthetic value of agricultural space” is open to all age groups in the form of natural education, natural experience and natural art.
“20% real estate + 40% agriculture + 40% others”, as the industrial model ideal town of Song Weiping, Blue town used its experience to tell the world that farmers in the town can live better.
Compared with the past, the current form of urban social organization has become more flexible and diverse. The way urban residents gather has changed, and they begin to form groups through their way of life, rather than relying entirely on professional attributes or workplaces, as they did in the past.
For the farmers of demolition and resettlement: the town hopes to transform farmers into industrial farmers through systematic industrial training and according to each person’s strong points and characteristics;
For the attraction of farmers abroad, they can increase their economic income by returning to their hometown to operate leisure agriculture (such as King Yao mountain roast sheep) to achieve “starting a business on their doorstep”.
Among them, agricultural fruits and vegetables, grain and oil, livestock and poultry, as the dominant characteristics of Jiaozhou City, in order to build Jiaozhou characteristic agricultural brand, develop order agriculture, and promote the sound and rational development of agricultural industry, support leading enterprises to sign prenatal order contracts with farmers, family farms and farmers’ cooperatives, reasonably determine purchase prices, and form a stable purchase-sales relationship.
Different from the collective residential district in Chinese cities, and also different from the independent housing under the background of suburbanization in North America, the balance of public resources and natural landscape in small towns has the dual advantages of reintegrating nature and cities, and becoming a new ideal place to live.
Qingdao spring blossoms Exhibition Area
The gentle King Yao mountains spread at the end of the luxuriant fields.
“Qingdao spring blossoms Exhibition Center” is located in the northeast corner of Green peach Town. Its east side is close to the G22 Qinglan Expressway exit; the west side is adjacent to the rare natural mountain (King Yao Mountain) and water resources (Huangjia River Reservoir) landscape resources.
The architectural design revolves around King Yao mountain and Huangjiahe Reservoir, from six parts: garden, hall, street, house, inner courtyard and field, to construct a Chinese-style living demonstration of Green peach town in the future.
The architecture uses the “Ten landscapes of the Garden” to create a space streamline with “although the four seasons’ scenery is different, but the scenery is not unsuitable for people”. There are emotions everywhere, and the business-oriented viewpoints and the implicit and endless space streamlines.
As an important reception space in courtyard buildings in Chinese history, the hall is the surface symbol of the order and rules of the whole house. In the layout of the exhibition area, a quadruple courtyard sequence is adopted to return to the etiquette and highlight the homecoming ceremony inherited by the first courtyard in the north.
The entrance plaque is named after the name of the capital city of Han Dynasty in Licha Han Dynasty.
The second entrance to the courtyard is not only the drop-off point, but also the overlooking space. The door with the wall runs through the three horizons, silhouetted against the King Yao mountain and the Huangjia River in the distance.
In the middle of the courtyard is an internal water courtyard that echoes the external water body. On the basis of encircling on all sides, the water courtyard has added public corridors, the structure of pure wood and pleasant scale. In the rainy season, the rain falls on the tile and converges into a line, falling into the pool along eaves tile，crackling incessantly, just like the spring rain in the south of the Yangtze River.
At the end of the sales function of the exhibition center, the building will be retained and converted to a boutique hotel. Four entrances courtyard will be used for guest rooms in the future, so the design pays more attention to the quiet construction of the private courtyard.
The doors and windows of the building are symmetrically arranged, the eaves are flat and gentle, the landscape floor is suitable for the density of plants, the space is stable and stable, and the atmosphere is warm and quiet.
The garden space of five entrances is actually lower than that of the western hall buildings, in which the water level of the Huangjia River has dropped obviously due to the lack of abundance of Rain Water in recent years, which eventually leads to a height difference of 8 meters between the west water surface and the east horse road.
“There are scenes in front of us” is regarded by Mr. Tong Zhuo as the highest state in the garden. Together with ZSD Landscape, ZSD Architecture has designed an artificial garden pool connected to the water body of Huangjia River at a position 3.5 meters above the reservoir in response to the water difficulty of height difference. To create a lake scene beyond the existing size.
Different from the introversion of southern gardens, borrowing scenery from Green peach Lishui brings an open landscape with more magnificent northern views to the garden.
” Open and austere is alternated with each other, and the beauty is interchangeable.” Therefore, the design focuses on the contrast between the large-scale, medium- and small-scale and the presentation of the landscape of the stacked mountains.
From one or two lakes and stones to stacked stone orogeny, pavilions, corridors, bridges, pavilions, pavilions and landscapes interpenetrate with each other, thinning hedges and landscapes, adding a visual sense of size, opening and closing, high and low, and sensitive changes to the depth and level of the landscape. It makes the gardens under the mountains and rivers sparse and dense, with both the profundity of the north and the implication of the south.
In the foundation of <Art of Garden-Building>”, it is said that the most important landscapes are often set around the main halls. The building uses the way of hanging layer to make the height difference between the main building on the ground and the underground garden fit perfectly.
Through many computer simulations, the architectural design has achieved the best overlooking height of standing on the first floor of the building, in order to see the beautiful view of the near water connecting with the distant water and the lake reflecting the distant mountains.
Compared with the horizontal corridor on the flat ground, the height difference of the project makes the corridor bend according to the terrain and bend according to the situation, and the visitors are completely “immersed” in the garden.
In view of the landing pavilion, Yuancui Pavilion and other important node space, the eaves choose the traditional wooden structure, but abandon the complicated decorative patterns, and only retain the necessary wooden columns and porches and other components, the final effect not only meets the construction rules of Chinese gardens, but also does not lose the traditional charm.
6.3 街巷Streets alleys
邻里街巷空间收放相间，复合型的街巷，同时适应着车行区域、步行区域、植物带的需求。设计将人行巷道控制最小4m，人车混行的巷道尺度拓宽至8-10m。在保证高效使用的同时，又存有模糊性和交叠性，创造出多种多样的可能性。Neighboring streets and lanes are spaced together, and compound streets and lanes are also adapted to the needs of car areas, pedestrian areas, and plant belts. The design controls the pedestrian laneway to a minimum of 4m, and the laneway scale for mixed pedestrian and vehicle traffic is widened to 8-10m. While ensuring efficient use, there is also ambiguity and overlap, creating a variety of possibilities
阡陌巷道之间，夹杂着组团的“眼”，一块草坪、一座小亭子、一棵古树、一口井；留存着中国传统公共生活的韵味的街巷，形成多样而具有生活气息的小镇街巷。Between the buildings and lanes, there are grouped “eyes”, a lawn, a small pavilion, an old tree and a well; the streets and alleys that retain the charm of Chinese traditional public life form a variety of small town streets and alleys with the flavor of life.
Although the residential unit reflects the homogenization demand, the architectural design still pursues the diversity of types, and the south entry type and the north entry type adopt different entrance door design.
The door with eaves is adopted in the south, which is tall and bright and can shield the wind and rain; in the north, the door is simplified, and the shape of the double slope is full of bookish style, which is deep and practical. Each family has its own courtyard wall, which constructs the private attribute of home life.
The construction of Chinese-style architecture has a strong dependence on manual design, and on-site design supervision has become an important part to ensure the effect. For example, the design of the roof ridge not only carries on the design control in the scheme stage, but also needs to communicate with the ancient construction master many times and compare the template in the process of on-site construction, so as to ensure the perfect presentation of the design effect.
In the design of Chinese style construction of Green peach, the discovery of the “spring blossoms “town brand that originated in Hangzhou,the south of Yangtze river is not only limited to the traditional shackles, but also needs to distinguish and connect the differences based on the north and south regions and climate.
In response to the colder northern climate. The thickness of building thermal insulation material reaches 130mm, which challenges the originally mature space scale. For example, the original 900-wide side courtyard can meet the opening requirements of 600 windows. However, due to the thickness of the thermal insulation material in this project, the size of the bay will be appropriately adjusted and the width of the side courtyard will be increased to meet the demand of the minimum window size.
The actual position of the wall stack head will need to be offset and fixed in the construction because of the thickness of the thermal insulation material, so that it can be flush with the external wall after completion, and ensure the visual extension and lightness of the eaves.
6.5 内院Inner courtyard
The interior and exterior of residence also pay attention to the coexistence of their own uniqueness and diversity. Designed for each household with not less than 60 square meters of independent courtyard, as a private natural space, and can be divided into multiple courtyards.
In the early stage of planning, adequate aging design from architecture, landscape to interior is also fully considered. The entrance hall is set as a concierge courtyard; the south side is combined with the dining room and the gray space of the outer corridor to form the main courtyard. The family ’s usual leisure activities can be carried out here; an independent living courtyard is set outside the elderly bedroom to avoid the elderly morning exercise The conflict between the activity and the rest time of other family members. A small courtyard of equipment is enclosed in the north of the kitchen to meet the needs of life and to beautify the courtyard space.
6.6 田 Field
In the area beyond the red line on the south side of the exhibition area, there is a large pastoral demonstration, sharing the collective value concept of “one share of land” with the town. Each family is assigned a sub-field to experience the joy of farming on the neighborhood farm and share the surrounding supporting resources with the neighbors.
The countryside is regarded as part of the open space in the town and has become a public garden shared by private and collective, and residents are given more opportunities for neighborhood communication and the possibility of pastoral practice.
The realization of the ideal town is based on the superposition of the relationship between small and medium-sized towns and individual people; the basis of a stable and lasting relationship is that both sides can become better themselves.
Sustainable development, regional thinking and finding local solutions from a contemporary perspective are the values that run through the whole process of integrated design. The unique environmental background of Green peach town makes the program full of complexity and diversity, which fully reflects that a complete urban and rural area not only depends on the revival of a single industry, but also has a rich and diverse way of life with similar urban attributes.